The main material for the new coins of the Bank of Russia was a copper-nickel alloy, as well as bimetal. Bimetal coins are minted in aluminum bronze, made of steel coated with brass or an alloy of copper and nickel.
The first copper-nickel coins in denominations of 10 and 20 rubles were minted with the image of a double-headed eagle on the obverse, and on the reverse the denomination is indicated. On 50 and 100 ruble coins, the denomination is indicated by words. In 1998, a penny with the image on the front side of St. George the Victorious was put into circulation. Commemorative and commemorative coins are issued from this alloy in denominations of one to one hundred rubles.
Each year, the Bank of Russia issues collection silver coins in an amount of up to 50 pieces, made in the quality of proof and packed in special capsules. Their subject matter is very diverse. Issues in the form of sets of coins dedicated to certain events are very popular among numismatists. The following sets are popular among numismatists:
1. The Olympics in Sochi;
2. On memorable events;
3. Exchange coins 1997-2016
The list of commemorative and commemorative coins issued by the Bank of Russia is very extensive. Among them are:
1. Coins of the Red Book , which depict the rarest animals of Russia. As part of a series of 10 and 50 ruble coins from bimetal and 50 one- and 2-ruble silver banknotes;
2. Coins of the “city of military glory” , which have been minted since 2011 from steel with brass coating, in denominations of 10 rubles. To date, 45 coins have been issued;
3. Coins “Regions of Russia” have been issued since 2005 with the image on the reverse of the coat of arms and the name of the region. The material for their manufacture is bimetal, and the face value is only 10 rubles;
4. Coins “70 years of Victory in the Second World War” , include a series of 18 thematic subcategories that reflect the most significant events during the Second World War. The material for them is steel with nickel plating, with a face value of 5 and 10 rubles. In addition, a series with thematic differentiation of 10 rubles was released in 2015;
5. Coins “200 years of victory in the Patriotic War of 1812” are issued in three series dedicated to commanders and heroes, the most famous battles . The material used is very different, as well as of various denominations.
Coins “Ancient cities of Russia” began to be issued in 2002 with a brass ring and cupronickel disk. At the moment, 37 cities have been issued, with a circulation of each coin five million.
Cash on delivery: buyer, seller and present validity
This article is dedicated to all customers who are daily, weekly and annually interested in why your online store does not send cash on delivery orders .
Consider the situation with the sending of an order by COD on the part of the seller, buyer and the present reality.
1. Cash on delivery is in no way able to insure against fraud.
Firstly, the buyer receives the goods only after full payment of the declared amount at the post office.
Secondly, the content is checked after filling in the forms and receipt receipt.
Thirdly, the lack of packaging of the ordered item or its low quality does not apply at all to postal workers.
2. The cost of shipping by cash on delivery can reach 20% of the cost of the goods. The commission of the Russian Post is taken for: declared value (4%), shipping cost, insurance fee and delivery of money back to the sender. In accordance with the tariffs of the Russian Post for postal money transfers, which also depend on the amount of the transfer and the remoteness of the final delivery point, the approximate cost of a postal money transfer:
- up to 1000 rubles – 40 rubles + 5% of the amount;
- 1000 – 5000 rubles – 50 rubles + 4% of the transferred amount;
- 5000 – 20,000 rubles – 150 rubles + 2% of the transferred amount;
- 20,000 – 500,000 rubles – 250 rubles + 1.5% of the amount of money sent
3. When choosing a method of payment – cash on delivery, the speed of processing subsequent orders suffers. The buyer who ordered a single item of goods sends money to the seller only after receiving his order. Money is transferred back to the seller within at least 3 days from the receipt of the order. Until this time, the empty position of the “shop window” remains unfilled. Only after receiving payment for the previous product, the store will order the next copy.
4. An online store can fool.
Firstly, we value our reputation, we work quickly and efficiently.
Secondly, for the numismatic business, 500, 1000, 5000 and even 20,000 rubles “stolen” from a gullible buyer are not at risk of losing customers and all their friends (potential customers)!
Thirdly, any seller tries to gain the trust of numerous buyers and successfully promote products, while providing quality delivery services.
5. Check the seller for good faith is possible. To do this, you need to analyze the online store according to several objective criteria:
work experience (should exceed 1-2 years);
the seller’s site is trustworthy (each evaluates independently);
all reviews of customers / potential buyers (positive majority) should remain on the site and in the vast network;
product names must be accurate and photographs (images) legible;
the site should contain contact details for feedback;
6. The online store is never insured! Cash on delivery is not profitable for the seller, periodically giving double amounts for the returned order. Often, the customer finds reasons that allow him not to pick up the sent order in the mail. For example: the financial situation has changed; went on a business trip, on vacation; gave a similar product; found the same position at a lower price and / or closer to home, etc.
What Buyer thinks
1. Payment of the ordered goods by cash on delivery insures me (the buyer) from fraud and unscrupulous sellers.
2. The method of payment does not affect the value of the order.
3. The method of payment does not affect the speed of processing and sending the order.
4. The online store will certainly deceive you.
5. Checking the seller for integrity is unrealistic.
6. Unlike the buyer, the online store is always insured.
1. You can get a “pig in a poke” even when paying by cash on delivery, since you give away money before you pick up your order.
2. You yourself can calculate the additional costs for the delivery of your order by cash on delivery.
3. If you refuse the order, you will most likely be refused a second order of the same or other commodity items.
4. You can make the first test order for a small amount.
5. Everyone independently chooses the criteria of decency. If you check the box next to each or most of the items, feel free to order goods and enjoy your shopping.
6. The online store is not insured! Cash on delivery is disadvantageous both for the client giving the extra money for mail orders and for the seller periodically giving another double amount for the returned order.